On this day, 16 May 1893, Abraham Campbell, my 4th great-grandfather, passed away in Cole County, Missouri.
Born on 10 January 1818, in Barren County, Kentucky, Abraham was the son of James and Sophia (Downing) Campbell. His parents were married in Barren County, Kentucky five years prior to his birth on 27 March 1813.
A year later, Abraham’s brother Benjamin Campbell was born on 16 May 1814. Sister Jane Campbell was born on 29 December 1815. Brother James Campbell was born 29 February 1820. Another brother Moses Campbell came along a year later in December 1831. Finally, sister Melvina Campbell was born on 2 April 1836.
At some point between Melvina’s birth and early 1840, the Campbell family migrated west from Kentucky to adjacent Missouri. Many other Kentuckians also moved westward in the 1830s and 1840s. For many, this move might have been motivated by the Platte Purchase in 1836, a land acquisition by the federal government from the local Native Indian tribes. The Platte Purchase comprised lands along the east bank of the Missouri River, adding 3,149 square miles to the northwest corner of the state of Missouri. This area was nearly as large as Delaware and Rhode Island combined.
However, the Campbell family did not set out for these newly acquired lands; instead, they settled in heart of Missouri—Cole County, where, as early as 1816, families from Kentucky and Tennessee had been relocating.
On 5 March 1840, at the age of 22, Abraham Campbell married Sena Roark, age 17, in Cole County, Missouri.
According to the 1840 U.S. Census, newlyweds Abraham and Sena Campbell has set up their home in Moreau Township, Cole County, Missouri.
On 13 February 1841, daughter Clemency Jane Campbell was born in Cole County, Missouri.
On 9 September 1842, son James Gray Campbell was born in Cole County, Missouri.
On 16 April 1844, son Levi Roark Campbell was born in Russellville, Cole County, Missouri. (Levi Roark Campbell was my 3rd great-grandfather.)
On 24 February 1848, daughter Sophia Downing Campbell was born in Cole County, Missouri.
On 22 August 1850, Abraham Campbell, his wife Sena, daughter Clemency, son James, son Levi, and daughter Sophia were residing in Cole County, Missouri. Abraham was a farmer. His property was valued at $500. Living with them is Levi Roark, Sena’s brother. Abraham’s brother James, his wife Mary, and two young sons Enoch and James resided at the farm next door.
Circa 1850, another son was born to Abraham and Sena. They named him Moses Hickman Campbell.
On 30 June 1853, Abraham and Sena welcomed daughter Sarah Isabelle Campbell, who was born in Cole County, Missouri.
On 3 January 1854, Abraham Campbell purchased 80 acres in Cole County, Missouri, at a cost of $1,25 per acre, for a total of $100. Upon admission as a state, section 16 in every township was given to the state to benefit public education. The land, designated as “township school lands”, was then sold with the proceeds designated for school construction and teacher pay.
On 19 February 1857, their daughter Clemency Jane Campbell married William Steinbergen. Sadly, William died on 5 October 1859, leaving Clemency a young widow with a toddler.
On 16 June 1860, Abraham and Sena were still residing on their farm in Moreau Township, Cole County, Missouri. Living with them was their daughter Clemency and her three-year old daughter Sena; sons James, Levi, and Moses; and daughters Sophia and Sarah. The farm was valued at $3,000, and their personal property was valued at $1,000.
In 1861, the South seceded from the North, and the Civil War commenced. Missouri was a hotly contested border state—a slave state that did not secede from the Union. As Missouri was populated by both Union and Confederate sympathizers, armies and supplies were sent to both sides, the state was represented with a star on both flags, and dual governments were established. Discord abounded; family members were pitted against family members, and neighbors fought against neighbors.
About 42 percent of the early hostilities of the Civil War occurred in Missouri. In 1861, of the 157 engagements and battles listed in the Army Register, 66 happened in Missouri. In fact, Missouri saw more action than Virginia and West Virginia combined that year.
The Civil War negatively affected the citizens of Cole County, Missouri. On 14 June 1861, the Capture of Jefferson City, involving Missouri’s 1st and 2nd Infantries alongside U.S. Battery F, 2nd Artillery and U.S. 2nd Infantry, Company B, occurred.
On 17 June 1861, in nearby Cooper County, the First Battle of Boonville was fought. This Union victory established what would become an unbroken Federal control of the Missouri River and helped to thwart efforts to bring Missouri into the Confederacy. Three more minor battles would be fought in and around Boonville throughout the war.
On 25 April 1862, there was a skirmish on the Osage River involving Iowa’s 1st Cavalry, Companies D and K.
Meanwhile, amid this upheaval, the Abraham and Sena Campbell welcomed their youngest child on 5 July 1862, daughter Catherine J. Campbell, who was born in Cole County, Missouri.
In October 1864, for four days straight, warfare was widespread in Cole County, Missouri. On 6 October, the Skirmish of Cole County, involving Missouri’s 1st, 7th, and 9th State Militia Cavalry, was fought. On 7 October, a skirmish was fought near Jefferson City, involving Arkansas’ 2nd Cavalry; Illinois’ 17th Cavalry,; Missouri’s 15th Cavalry; Batteries B, C, and L of Missouri’s 2nd Light Artillery; Missouri’s 46th and 49th Infantries; Missouri’s 5th State Militia Infantry; Missouri’s Gasconade Regiment Militia; and Missouri’s Enrolled Militia Cavalry, Artillery and Infantry. On 8 October, another skirmish was fought at Jefferson City, involving Missouri’s 1st, 6th, and 7th State Militia Cavalries. Then, on 9 October, a skirmish at Russellville involved a detachment of Missouri’s 6th State Militia Cavalry alongside Missouri’s Battery H, 2nd Light Artillery.
Finally, on 26 November 1864, a skirmish was fought at Osage. This was the last armed altercation of the Civil War that happened in and around Cole County, Missouri.
On 17 September 1866, Abraham’s mother Sophia (Downing) Campbell died in Cole County, Missouri. She was buried in Campbell Cemetery, Cole County, Missouri.
Then, on 26 September 1878, Abraham’s father James Campbell died in Cole County, Missouri. He was buried next to his wife in Campbell Cemetery, Cole County, Missouri.
A year later, on 29 November 1879, tragedy struck the Campbell family, when Abraham’s wife of 39 years, Sena (Roark) Campbell died in Cole County, Missouri. She was 57 years old. Like her in-laws, Sena was buried in Campbell Cemetery, Cole County, Missouri.
Fourteen years later, on 16 May 1893, Abraham Campbell died in Cole County, Missouri. He was 75 years old. He was buried beside his wife in Campbell Cemetery, Cole County, Missouri. His parents are buried nearby.