On this day, 27 June, 1828, Patience (Oliver) Croasmun, my spouse’s 5th great-grandmother, died.
Circa 1767, Patience Oliver was born in Rochester, Plymouth County, Massachusetts to Joseph Oliver and Dorothy Pettis. Her parents were married on 14 November 1766.
Her sister Anna Oliver was born on 18 June 1769, in Rochester, Plymouth County, Massachusetts.
Not much is known about Patience Oliver’s childhood. More is known about her hometown. Rochester was first settled in 1638 and was named for Rochester, England, the home of some of its first settlers. The Town of Rochester was founded in 1679 and incorporated on June 4, 1686. The first corn mill was established in 1704. In 1709, a large influx of settlers came to Rochester from the towns of Boston, Salem, and Plymouth, including Patience Oliver’s great-grandparents Peter Oliver and Susannah Soule.
That same year, Rev. Timothy Ruggles was ordained as the first minister of Rochester. In 1733, Rev. Ivory Hovey became the minister. Rev. Thomas West joined Rev. Hovey in 1743. Rev. Ivory Hovey was still preaching during Patience Oliver’s early childhood. In 1772, he was succeeded by Rev. Lemuel LeBaron.
In 1775, Rochester voted to sustain the Continental Congress, whenever they might see fit to withdraw their allegiance from the Crown, and in the succeeding struggle for independence, this town furnished more men in proportion to territory or inhabitants than any other town in the Massachusetts Colony.
In addition, Rochester had a busy coastal trade from its harbors on Buzzards Bay. Early shipbuilding and the whaling trade were also prevalent in Rochester during Patience Oliver’s childhood.
Tragically, on 5 January 1790, when Patience Oliver was 23 years old, her father Joseph Oliver died in Rochester, Plymouth County, Massachusetts. He was only 50 years old.
A year later, in 1791, Patience Oliver married Asa Croasmun, son of Theophilus Crossman and Priscilla Wetherel.
Sometime in the next couple of years, Asa and Patience moved northwest about 180 miles to Hanover, Grafton County, New Hampshire, probably in search of more land. Patience’s mother, Dorothy (Pettis) Oliver remained in Rochester.
On 15 October 1794, son Asa Croasmun (my spouse’s 4th great-grandfather) was born in Hanover, Grafton County, New Hampshire.
About a year later, in 1795, Patience’s mother, Dorothy (Pettis) Oliver died in Rochester, Plymouth County, Massachusetts.
In 1800, the Croasmun Family were enumerated in Hanover, Grafton County, New Hampshire. Their family consisted of three white males under the age of ten (one of whom was Asa Jr.), one white male age 26 to 45 (Asa Sr.), two white females under the age of ten, and one white female age 26 to 45 (Patience).
However, the Croasmun Family did not remain in New Hampshire for long. In the early 1800s, many New Englanders headed to the Pennsylvania wilderness in a quest for land. The Croasmun Family was part of this exodus.
In 1807, Patience’s husband Asa Croasmun was listed in the Mahoning Township, Indiana County, Pennsylvania tax list, working as a wheelwright.
In 1810, the Croasmun Family resided in Mahoning Township, Indiana County, Pennsylvania. Their family consisted of three white males under the age of ten, two white males ages ten to 15 (one of whom was Asa Jr.), one white male age 26-44 (Asa Sr.), two white females ages ten to 15, and one white female age 26-44 (Patience).
Patience and Asa Croasmun and their family were still in Mahoning Township, Indiana County, Pennsylvania in 1820. Living in the household were one white male age ten to 15, one white male age 16 to 18, one white male age 19 to 26, one white male age 45 and older (Asa), one white female age 19 to 26, one white female age 45 and older (Patience). Also living in Mahoning Township, Indiana County, Pennsylvania in a separate residence was son Asa (age 19 to 26) and his wife (age 19 to 26).
Eight years later, on 29 May 1828, husband Asa Croasmun died on his farm outside Cherry Tree, Indiana, Pennsylvania. He was 62 years old. He was buried on his farm.
A little under a month later, Patience (Oliver) Croasmun passed away. Whether she and her husband both had been stricken by illness or if Patience died from a “broken heart” is unknown. She was buried on her farm, next to her husband of 36 years.