Asa Croasmun

On this day, 19 February 1864, Asa Croasmun (my spouse’s 4th great-grandfather) passed away.

Born on 15 October 1794, in either Massachusetts or in Hanover, Grafton County, New Hampshire, Asa Croasmun was the son of Asa Croasmun and Patience Oliver.

Although young Asa Croasmun had several siblings, I have only identified two: sister Rebecca, who was born on 4 September 1795, in Hanover, Grafton County, New Hampshire; and brother Joseph, who was born on 12 September 1798.

In 1800, the Croasmun Family were enumerated in Hanover, Grafton County, New Hampshire. Their family consisted of three white males under the age of ten (two of whom were Asa Jr. and Joseph), one white male age 26 to 45 (Asa Sr.), two white females under the age of ten (one of whom was Rebecca), and one white female age 26 to 45 (Patience).

However, the Croasmun Family did not remain in New Hampshire for long. In the early 1800s, many New Englanders headed to the Pennsylvania wilderness in a quest for land. The Croasmun Family was part of this exodus.

In 1807, father Asa Croasmun was listed in the Mahoning Township, Indiana County, Pennsylvania tax list, working as a wheelwright.

In 1810, the Croasmun Family was residing in Mahoning Township, Indiana County, Pennsylvania. The family consisted of three white males under the age of ten, two white males ages ten to 15 (Asa Jr. and Joseph), one white male age 26-44 (Asa Sr.), two white females ages ten to 15 (one of whom was Rebecca), and one white female age 26-44 (Patience).

On 15 July 1819, Asa Croasmun, Jr. was married to Mary McHenry in Indiana County, Pennsylvania. Mary was the daughter of James McHenry and Elizabeth Stuchell.

In 1820, the newlyweds were enumerated in Mahoning Township, Indiana County, Pennsylvania: one free white male, age 19 to 26 (Asa) and one free white female, age 19 to 26 (Mary).

Within two years, the couple welcomed their first child, Mary Martha Croasmun, who arrived on 22 February 1822. (She was my spouse’s 3rd great-grandmother.)

The couple’s second child was a son, Isaac Croasmun, who was born on 8 March 1824.

Another son, Nathan Croasmun, was welcomed on 9 March 1826.

Amidst all of this happiness, sadness struck.  On 29 May 1828, father Asa Croasmun, Sr. died and was laid to rest on his farm outside of the town of Cherry Tree, Indiana County, Pennsylvania.

Less than a month later, more grief would come to Asa Jr. when his mother Patience (Oliver) Croasmun passed away on 27 June 1828. She was buried next to her husband of 36 years.

A few months later, joy came again to the family when son Asa Croasmun (III) was welcomed on 1 October 1828.

In 1830, the Croasmun family was once again enumerated in Mahoning Township, Indiana County, Pennsylvania. Residing in the household were two free white males under the age of five years (baby Asa and Nathan), one free white male between five and ten (Isaac), one free white male between the age of 30 and 40 (Asa), one free white female between the age of five and 10 (Mary Martha), and one free white female between the age of 30 and 40 (Mary).

A year later, on 10 September 1831, son Miles Croasmun arrived.

Two years after that, the couple welcomed son James Washington Croasmun on 9 November 1833.

Three years passed. Then, on 25 August 1836, the couple’s final son, William Croasmun, was born.

When the 1840 Census was taken, the Croasmun family was still living on their farm in Mahoning Township, Indiana County, Pennsylvania. In the household were one free white male under the age of five (William), two free white males ages five to 10 (James and Miles), two free white males ages 10 to 15 (Asa and Nathan), one free white male age 15 to 20 (Isaac), one free white female between the ages of 15 and 20 (Mary Martha), and one free white female between 40 and 50 (Mary). For some reason, the enumerator forgot to mark down Asa himself, even though he was listed as the head of the household.

Two years later, on 25 April 1842, the couple had one more child, a daughter whom they named Elizabeth Jane Croasmun. She would be their last.

On 4 October 1850, the Croasmun family was enumerated in North Mahoning Township, Indiana County, Pennsylvania. Living on the farm, which was valued at $3,000, was Asa (age 55), Mary (age 50), Nathan (age 23), Asa (age 21), Miles (age 18), James (age 16), William (age 14), and Elizabeth (age 8). Also in the household were Asa’s daughter Mary Martha (age 27) and her own daughter Eliza (age 6). Mary was listed as a widow.

Then, on 21 June 1853, tragedy descended on the Croasmun household when Asa’s 16-year old son, William Croasmun, died. The cause of death is unknown. What is known is that William was buried a few miles up the road at the White Church Cemetery in Perry Township, Jefferson County, Pennsylvania.

Seven years later, on 15 August 1860, the Croasmuns were once again enumerated in North Mahoning Township, Indiana County, Pennsylvania. Residing on the farm was 65-year old Asa, his 62-year old wife Mary, and their children Miles (age 27, working as a farm laborer) and Elizabeth (age 17, working as a housekeeper.) Also living in the home was E.A. Barricks, Asa’s seven-year-old granddaughter via daughter Mary Martha. (I believe the enumerator forgot a to add a one in front of her age and that is, in fact, Eliza, who would have been 17 at the time.) The farm was valued at $11,500, and personal property was worth $1,310.

Less than four years later, on 19 February 1864, Asa Croasmun died at the age of 69. He was buried next to his son William in the White Church Cemetery in Perry Township, Jefferson County, Pennsylvania.

Categories: Everyday People, Harwick-Bush Line, On This Day | Tags: , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

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One thought on “Asa Croasmun

  1. Looks like you’ve done some great research!

    Liked by 1 person

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