Cole-Marriner Line

Gateway Ancestor: Peter Worden

When tracing ancestors across the centuries, kin are often clustered together in a similar locations, an economic situation, or an ethnic identity.  A gateway ancestor is anyone with known or traceable ancestry from one specific group who marries into another group. Each immigrant from one country to another is a potential gateway, if his/her descendants can then trace his/her ancestry to the original country. Gateways can also occur when someone moves from one distinct social group into another or across distinct religious, economic, or racial barriers.

In the United States, however, the term “gateway ancestor” most commonly is used to refer to colonial immigrants whose ancestry can be traced in the Old World—specifically to gentry, nobility, or royalty. According to Gary Boyd Roberts, author of the book, Royal Descents of 600 Immigrants to the United States, most Americans with significant New England, Quaker, or Southern plantation ancestry are descended from English, Scottish, Welsh, and French royalty, nobility, or gentry.

Why is that?, you might ask. The reason is primogeniture: the right of succession belonging to the firstborn child, typically the eldest son. Many colonists of high social status were the daughters or younger sons of aristocratic families who came to the New World looking for land because, given their gender or birth order, they could not inherit. At least 650 colonists are known to have traceable royal and noble ancestry; approximately 387 of them had descendants.


Both my family and my spouse’s family have several gateway ancestors.  In the first installment, I gave an overview of Edward Foulke, my spouse’s 8th great-grandfather through his mother’s maternal line.

The second gateway ancestor whom I will introduce is Peter Worden, my 12th great-grandfather through my mother’s maternal line. Through his maternal great-great grandfather, Nicholas Rishton, Peter has been proven to descend several times from Charlemagne, Magna Carta barons, and a couple of saints.

Circa 1569, Peter Worden was born in Clayton-le-Woods, Lancashire, England to Robert Worden (1534–1580) and Isabel Worthington (1547–1580).

Circa 1604, Peter Worden married Margaret (Grice) Wall. She was the widow of Anthony Wall of Chingle Hall, who died sometime between February 1603 and March 1604, according to a 1607 Palatine Chancery Court action. Margaret, born sometime between 1568 and 1572, was the daughter of Thomas Grice and Alice, of Warrington, Lancashire, England.

Together, Peter and Margaret had three children: Elizabeth (born circa 1605); Bridget (born circa 1607); and Peter, my 11th great-grandfather (born circa 1609).

Between 1609 to 1613, Peter Worden (recorded as Peter Werden, gent.) appeared as a juror for nine inquisitions.

In 1612, after only nine years of marriage, Peter Worden’s wife Margaret died. He was left with five stepchildren from Margaret’s previous marriage and three of his own children, with the youngest, Peter, being only about three years old.

Although he was a gentleman, Peter Worden was also a merchant of textiles. His ancestors had acquired Burgess rights, and these rights had been passed down to their progeny. Burgess rights were a valuable asset, necessary for trading purposes. Peter Worden’s name appears in the Preston Guild Roll for 1622. He was listed as being a Foreign Burgess in the records of the town of Preston, just five miles from Clayton. Foreign referred to the fact that he was not a native of the town but an outsider.

Peter Worden held a lease on a shop in Preston’s Moothall, a two-story building approximately 35 feet by 70 feet, housing the town Council chamber and offices on the second floor and businesses on the first. Peter’s shop was next to the stairs at the north end of the building. Early archives list the following mention of Peter’s lease:

Item of Elizabeth Weren widdowe for on shop on the east side of moothall next adjoyning to the staires at the north end of the hall with a standing (open stall) at the south end of the hall formerly demised to Peter Werden by lease dated Primo Oct XVth Jac ye improved yearly rent of L01-15s-00d.

This date would indicate that Peter Worden held a lease on his shop and stand in October 1617.

In 1625, Peter Worden’s daughter Elizabeth bore an illegitimate child, whom she named John Lewis. The child was the product of an adulterous affair she had with John Lewis, a married vicar who was defrocked and debarred either because of this adulterous affair or for some other shenanigans—it seems he was rather good at being bad. A few years later, Elizabeth married Hugh Swansey and had another son, Robert.

On 19 November 1628, Peter Worden’s younger daughter Bridget died. She never married.

About 1628, Peter accepted the office of County Aulnager (or Alnager), “an officer in a port or market town responsible for ensuring that all cloth sold was woven in the correct length and width laid down by statute (standards).” He also was a member of the town council of Preston, Lancashire, England.

Peter Worden was last recorded in Preston on 21 January 1629, when, according to the early archives of Preston Borough, he loaned eight shillings to the Borough for a project concerning common lands.

In 1630, the town of Preston was ravaged by the plague. Prior to the outbreak, the town of Preston had a population of nearly 3,000; however, due of this pandemic, 1,069 residents perished.

In July 1635 in Kirkham, Lancashire, Peter Worden’s elder daughter Elizabeth died.

Circa 1636, Peter Worden, his son Peter, and his grandson John Lewis immigrated to the Colony of Massachusetts.

On 7 January 1638, Peter Worden was listed as “Old Worden” in a list of inhabitants of Yarmouth, Massachusetts. At the time, there were only four men in Yarmouth to whom land grants had been made.

On 5 March 1638, the last will and testament of Peter Worden was proved:

The Last Will and Testament of Peter WORDEN of Yarmouth ye elder, deceased, proved at ye General Court held at Plymouth, the fifth day of March in ye XIIIth year of ye reign of our sovereign Lord Charles, King of England AC1638, by ye oathes of Mr. Nicholas Sympkins, Hugh Tillie & Giles Hopkins as followith, viz “Be it known unto all men to whome this doth or may concern, that I, Peter Worden, of Yarmouth in New England, in Plymouth Patten, being very sick, in this Year of Our Lord 1638 and on ye ninth day of February, do make my last will to testify unto all that I Peter Worden, do give and bequeath unto Peter Worden, my only sonne and heir, and in the presense of Nicholas Sympkins Hugh Tillie and Giles Hopkins, I do make him my whole executor to whom I do give all my lands, leases & tenaments with goods movable and unmovable in the Town of Clayton in the County of Lankcester. Likewise I do give unto Peter my son all my goods which I have at this present in New England. My will is my son is to give John Lewis one nate goat, also my will is my son is to give my grandchild such money as is due for the keeping of goats and calves until this day and that my son is with the money to buy a kid or dispose it otherwise for his use. Also one bed or bolster, three blankets, also my son is to have the tuition of my grandchild until he be at the age of one and twenty years of age, also my will is he shall find him with meat, drink, and clothes and at the three last years of the twenty-one years also to have forty shillings the years after and above, for to add to his stock with the sow pig when the sow pigs — s/Peter WORDEN 1/s.

In March 1639, Peter Worden died in Yarmouth and was buried in Worden Cemetery in Dennis, Massachusetts. And, on 5 March 1639, Peter Worden’s will was probated. (It is interesting to note that Peter Worden’s will was the first one printed in the Plymouth Court Records. A copy of his will is on file in the Barnstable Probate Court.)

#englishhistory    #familyhistory     #genealogy

Categories: Cole-Marriner Line, Immigrant Ancestors, Royal Roots | Tags: , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Yaroslav I of Kiev

On this day, 20 February, 1054, Yaroslav I “The Wise” of Kiev died. He was my two-times 30th great-grandfather through his grandson Philippe I and through his grandson Hugh.

Yaroslav was the son of Vladimir “The Great” and his third wife, Rogneda of Polotsk. As a youth, Yaroslav was sent by his father to rule the northern lands near Rostov. In 1010, Yaroslav served Novgorod as vice-regent.

However, relations with his father degraded over time, especially after Vladimir bequeathed the throne to his younger son Boris. In 1014, Yaroslav refused to pay tribute to his father. Only Vladimir’s death in 1015 prevented a war from being waged between father and son.

After Vladimir’s death, Yaroslav’s older brother Svyatopolk killed three of their younger brothers (including Boris) and seized power of Kievan Rus’. In 1016, with the help of Novgorod, Yaroslav defeated Svyatopolk’s troops near the town of Lyubech. Svyatopolk fled to Poland to the sanctuary of his father-in-law, Duke Bolaslaus I.

This victory, however, did not ensure a smooth reign for Yaroslav. In 1018, Svyatopolk returned with troops from Poland and seized Kiev. Again, Novgorod came to the rescue, and in 1019, Yaroslav wrested the throne back from Svyatopolk.

In 1019, Yaroslav married Ingegerd “Irene”, daughter of Olof Skötkonung of Sweden and Estrid of the Obotrites. Together, Yaroslav and Irene had five sons and five daughters, several of whom played an integral role in Yaroslav’s foreign policy, as he regarded dynastic marriages an excellent way to solidify connections with other countries. Yaroslav’s son Vsevolod wed a daughter of the Byzantine Emperor Konstantin Monomakh; his son Izyazlav married the sister of Kazamir of Poland Gertrude; daughter Anne of Kiev wed Henry I de France (my two-times 29th great-grandparents); daughter Elizabeth of Kiev married Harald III of Norway; and daughter Anastasia of Kiev wed the future Andrew I of Hungary.

In 1023, Yaroslav’s younger brother Mstislav rebelled, and Yaroslav fled to Novgorod. However, the Kievans were hostile to Mstislav, and he soon offered to Yaroslav joint rule of Kievan Rus’. Mstislav and Yaroslav divided the lands: Yaroslav received everything west of the Dnepr River, while Mstislav was granted all lands to the east. Yaroslav preferred to stay in Novgorod, moving back to Kiev in 1035, after Mstislav died without heirs. Again, Yaroslav controlled all of Kievan Rus’.

In 1037, Yaroslav defeated the Pincenates tribes, whose raids had been a long-lasting problem in the southern territories. To mark the victory, Yaroslav ordered that the Saint Sofia Cathedral be built.

Yaroslav advocated the spread of Christianity. He encouraged the translation of religious books from the Byzantine Empire and other countries into Old Russian. In 1028, he established the first school in Novgorod for 300 children. He issued statutes regulating the legal position of the Christian Church and the rights of the clergy. In addition to the Saint Sofia Cathedral, he built the Golden Gate of the Kievan fortress. In 1030, he founded the first monasteries in Russia—the Yuriev monastery in Novgorod and the Kiev Pechersk Monastery in Kiev. He also introduced a religious holiday on November 26, known as the Yuriev Den, to honor Saint George.

The codification of legal customs and enactments also began. This work served as the basis for a law code called the Russkaya Pravda.

Yaroslav pursued an active foreign policy, and his forces won several notable military victories. He regained Galicia from the Poles, decisively defeated the nomadic Pechenegs on the Kievan state’s southern frontier, and expanded Kievan possessions in the Baltic region, suppressing the Lithuanians, Estonians, and Finnish tribes. However, his military campaign of 1043 against Constantinople failed.

In 1051, Yaroslav appointed the first Russian Metropolitan Illarion whose candidacy was approved without the sanction of the Constantinople Patriarch.

At the end of his life, Yaroslav sought to prevent a power struggle between his five sons by dividing his empire among them and entreating the younger sons to obey the eldest, Izyaslav, who would succeed his father as Grand Prince of Kiev. On 20 February, 1054, Yaroslav died in Vyshgorod and was buried in the Saint Sofia Cathedral in Kiev. Yaroslav’s admonitions to his sons were not heeded, however, and civil war ensued after his death.

#familyhistory     #genealogy     #russianhistory

Categories: Cole-Marriner Line, Famous Faces and Places, On This Day, Royal Roots, Watts-Stark Line | Tags: , , , , , | Leave a comment

ABCs & Our Family Trees: Letter G

I have always been fascinated by language, specifically where it originates and how it adapts, mutates, and relates to other languages. That is why I found the recent series of blogs by Andrew’s Kindred so intriguing. It combined my love of etymology with my love of genealogy.  I was so inspired, in fact, that I decided to try my hand at chronicling the origins of our families’ surnames.


This is the seventh installment of a series of posts documenting the etymology of many of our families’ surnames (recent and distant, direct and indirect.)

Now that the F names have been discussed, next up is the letter G:

Gallion (my mother’s paternal line)
French—A nickname derived from the Old French word galier, meaning a man with a cheerful disposition.  

Gallelli (my spouse’s father’s paternal line)
Italian—This nickname surname derives either from the fact that the original name holders were men who prided themselves on being snappy dressers and leaders of the flock or were known for their sexual prowess. This surname is derived from the Latin word gallus, meaning a cock bird.

Gambon (my mother’s maternal line)
French—This surname is derived from the Anglo-Norman French word gambon, meaning ham, which comes ultimately from a Norman-Picard form of the Old French word jambe, meaning leg.

36cbd82d25c17d6e53e54613dd900dcbGarner (my mother’s paternal line)
English—This surname is of early medieval English origin and has three possible sources. First, it might be topographical for someone who lived near a barn or granary or an occupational name for someone who was in charge of the storehouse for corn, the granary,. It is derived from the Anglo-Norman French word gerner and Old French word gernier—both from the Late Latin word granarium or granum, meaning grain or corn. Second, it might be from a central Old French form of a Germanic personal name composed of the elements war(in), meaning guard, and heri or hari, meaning army. The third source is a contracted variant from the English occupational name Gardener, which was normally given to a cultivator of edible produce in an orchard or kitchen garden, rather than to a tender of ornamental lawns and flower beds.

Gay (my mother’s paternal line)
English—There are two possible origins for this surname, both French. The first is a nickname bestowed on a lighthearted, joyful, or cheerful person from the Old French word gai and Middle English word gai(e), meaning full of joy. The second possible origin is locational, where the surname derives from any of the places in Normandy called Gaye, such as that in La Manche, where the name of the place is derived from an early owner bearing a Germanic personal name beginning Wai or Gai.

Geary (my mother’s paternal line)
English—This surname is derived from the pre-7th Century Anglo-Saxon and Olde German word geri or gari, meaning spear. This might have described a soldier who carried such a weapon, or it might simply by a personal name at a time when any name which extolled war and weaponry was greatly treasured. Another possibility is that the name derives from the medieval English word geary, meaning fickle or capricious.

ornateg_250George (my spouse’s stepmother’s family)
English—This notable surname is of Ancient Greek origins. Deriving from the word georgios, meaning farmer, the name was used in Europe throughout the early Christian period, being associated with a martyr killed at Nicomedia in the year 303. The popularity of the name increased during the Crusades, when it became the practice for returning crusaders and pilgrims to name their children after from the Old Testament.

Gifford (my mother’s paternal line)
English—This surname might originate from the Old French word giffard, used as a nickname for someone thought to be chubby-cheeked. This is a derivative of the German word giffel, meaning cheek.

Gibson (my mother’s paternal line)
English—This notable surname is a form of the medieval nickname Gib, a shortened form of the personal name Gilbert, which was introduced into England after the Norman Conquest. The Norman name was originally Gislebert or Gillebert and is composed of the Germanic elements gisil, meaning hostage or noble youth, and berht, meaning bright or famous.

Gillespie (my brother-in-law’s family)
Irish— This surname is of pre-10th Century Gaelic origin. It derives from giolla easpuig, meaning bishop’s servant.

Gillis (my mother’s paternal line)
Scotland—This surname is of pre-Christian, Ancient Greek origin. It is a shortened form of aegidius, meaning a wearer of goatskin—a reference to a holy man or somebody who did good works. St. Giles (originally Aegidius) left Greece to become a hermit in France. It is said that his Greek name was turned into Gidie, then Gide, and finally Gilles. St. Giles is regarded as the patron of beggars and cripples. The name was introduced into England and Scotland by the Normans with the names Gilo and Ghilo appearing in the Domesday Book of 1086.

Gisler (my father’s paternal line)
Swiss—A variant of Geisler surname, this is an occupational name for a goatherd from an agent derivative of the Middle High German word geiz, meaning goat. 

ornate_letter_g_small_square_tile-r955488faddf54d31a58d28737ba0a041_agtk1_8byvr_324Gingerich (my father’s paternal line)
Swiss—The Americanized form of Swiss German surname Güngerich, derived from a Germanic personal name formed with the word gund, meaning battle, and ric, meaning power(ful).  

Gleason (my spouse’s mother’s paternal line)
English—This developed from the Irish name O’Glasain, which originated in County Cork. Glasain derives from the Gaelic word glas, meaning green as in inexperienced as opposed to the color.

Goble (my brother-in-law’s family)
English—Of medieval origin, this surname is a dialectal variant of Godbold, itself from a Norman personal name Godebald. It is composed of the Germanic elements god, meaning good, or got, meaning god, along with bald, meaning bold or brave.

g_monogram_silver_besque_ceramic_tile-r75f7ad749bc84aeb97ea3748d761c58d_agtbm_8byvr_324Goess/Goss (my spouse’s mother’s maternal line)
German—This is derived from the personal name Gozzo, a shortened form of the various compound names with the element god, meaning good, or got, meaning god.

Good (my father’s paternal line)
English—This is medieval surname which seems to originate from the pre-7th Century Old English word god, meaning good. This could be a nickname for a good person—someone who was pious and respected, although given the humor of that time, it could possibly be the opposite.

Goodman (my mother’s paternal line)
English—First, this surname might be a status name to describe the head of a household. As such, it derives from the Old English word god, meaning good, and -man, indicating head of. In Scotland, the name described a landowner. Finally, it might be of pre-7th Century Anglo-Saxon origin. If so, it is derived from the personal name Guethmund, which is composed of the elements gueth, meaning battle, and mund, meaning protection.

manuscript-letter-g-illuminated-ancient-ornate-irish-manuscripts__04320-1446307946-500-750Goodspeed (my brother-in-law’s family)
English—This surname derives from the Medieval English phrase God spede, meaning may god prosper [you]—a wish for success said to one setting out on an excursion or enterprise.

Gordon/Gordun (my mother’s paternal line and my brother-in-law’s family)
Scottish—This surname is of locational origin. It is Scottish from Gordon in Berwickshire and is derived from the Old Gaelic word gor, meaning large or spacious, plus the word dun, meaning fort.

Gorham (my mother’s paternal line)
English—This is a very old locational surname might have originated from the lost village of Gorehambury, near the town of St. Albans in Hertfordshire. The derivation is from the pre-7th Century Old English word gor, meaning muddy, and ham, meaning farm or homestead.

ornate-letter-gGraf/Groff (my father’s paternal line)
German—This Middle High German surname comes from the word grave or grabe, a title for aristocratic dignitaries and officials. In later times, it became established as a title of nobility equivalent to count. It also denoted minor local functionaries in different parts of Germany. Third, it might be an occupational name for a servant or retainer of a count,. Finally, it could be a nickname for someone who puts on airs.

Gowdy (my mother’s paternal line)
Scottish—This surname is one of the variant forms of the surname Goldie and reflects the phonetic spelling of the popular pronunciation of that name. Goldie is itself a diminutive form of the surname Gold, which is derived from the Old English pre-7th Century personal name Gold(a) or Golde, from gold, the metal.

Graham (my mother’s paternal line)
Scottish—Although now widely associated with Scotland, this distinguished surname is of Anglo-Saxon origins. It was a locational name originally from the town of Grantham in Lincolnshire and as such recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as both Graham and Grandham. The translation might be the combination of the word ham, meaning homestead, and the Old English pre-7th Century word grand, meaning gravel.

87daa65575e21cf494e0604873abb900Graves (my brother-in-law’s family)
English—This is an occupational name for a steward, from the Middle English word greyve, itself derived from the Old Norse word greifi and the Low German word greve.

Gray/Grey (my mother’s paternal line—four different branches—and my mother’s maternal line)
English—This ancient name has two possible origins, the first of which is an Anglo-Saxon nickname for someone with grey hair or a grey beard, derived from the Old English pre-7th Century word graeg, meaning grey. The second origin is locational from a place called Graye in Calvados, Normandy, derived from the Old Gallo-Roman word gratus, meaning welcome or pleasing.

Grimes (my spouse’s stepfather’s family)
English—This surname has Norse-Viking pre-7th Century origins and is probably from the personal name Grimr, which appears in the Old Danish and Old Swedish name, Grim. It was very popular in those areas of England influenced by Scandinavian settlements. The Norse word was equivalent to the Old English word grima, meaning mask, It was one of the names given to the god Woden. As such, it might mean masked person or shape-changer, and the name was given to boys to encourage the god’s protection.

fancy_letter_g_postcard-r53440ba3f47e4157876960e44059a6fb_vgbaq_8byvr_324-1Günthardt (my father’s paternal line)
Swiss—This surname was found in the canton of Zürich prior to the 1800s. It might be derived from the German word gund, meaning battle, and hardt, a topographic name for someone who lived by woods or pasture, or from the Middle High German words hart or hard, meaning hardy/brave/strong.

Guiscard (my mother’s paternal line)
English—This surname is a variation of the Norman French name Wischard, formed of the Old Norse elements viskr, meaning wise, and hórðr, meaning brave or hardy.

Gullett (my brother-in-law’s family)
English— It is thought that this surname might have also been originally spelled as Gullick. The Gullick surname originated from the pre-7th Century compound personal name Gotlac—derived from the word god, meaning good, and the suffix -lac, meaning mean play or sport (or possibly lake).

Well, that’s it for the G surnames… Next up are the H surnames.


For more information on the origins of many surnames, check out Almwch Data, Behind the Name, Irish Origenes, Surname Database, Surname Meanings and Origins, Surname Web, and Wiktionary.

#etymology     #familytree     #surnames

Categories: Caimi-Culatina Line, Cole-Marriner Line, Extended Families, Harwick-Bush Line, Surnames from A to Z, Taylor-Thomas Line, Watts-Stark Line, Williams-Stott Line | Tags: , , , , | 3 Comments

Begga and Baldwin V

In the year of the Lord 615, my 40th great-grandmother Begga was born to Pepin of Landen and his wife Itta of Metz. Her older sister was Gertrude of Nivelles.

Begga married Ansegisel, son of Arnulf and Doda. Together, they had three children, including Pepin of Heristal (my 39th great-grandfather). Pepin of Heristal was the founder of the Carolingian dynasty of rulers in France.

Sometime before 679, Begga’s husband was killed. Some claim it was a hunting accident, while others assert that Ansegisel was slain by an enemy named Gundewin.

Aggrieved, Begga made a pilgrimage to Rome. Upon her return, she became a nun. She then went on to found seven churches and build a convent at Andenne sur Meuse, where she spent the rest of her days serving as the abbess.

She died on 17 December 693 and is buried in at the abbey, now named Saint Begga’s Collegiate Church. Sometime after her death, Begga was designated a saint by the Catholic Church.


On the same date, 580 years later, in the year 1195, Baldwin V, my twice-over 27th great-grandfather, passed away.

Born in 1150, Baldwin V was the son of Baldwin IV, Count of Hainaut, and Alice of Namur.

In April 1169, he married Margaret I, Countess of Flanders, his widowed third cousin once removed. Together, they had several children including two of my 26th great-grandmothers, Isabella of Hainault (who married my 26th great-grandfather Philip II de France, the first French monarch to be referred to as king of France) and Yolande de Hainaut (who married my 26th great-grandfather Peter II de Courtenay, emperor of the Latin Empire of Constantinople.)

Baldwin V became Count of Hainaut in 1171 on his father’s death. Sometime after acquiring his father’s title, Baldwin V was described as “the Count Baldwin with eyes of blue.”

In 1189, Baldwin V became the first marquis of Namur. As a child, Baldwin V was named the successor of Henry IV of Luxembourg, his maternal uncle. As such, he acquired Namur on his uncle’s death, even though Henry IV of Luxembourg, who had been childless when he initially named Baldwin his successor, subsequently had fathered a daughter in the latter part of his life.

In 1191, when his wife acquired Flanders, Baldwin V became count of Flanders.

Baldwin V died on 17 December 1195 and was interred in Sainte Waudru Abbey in Mons, Flanders—located in the modern-day province of Hainaut, Belgium.

(An interesting side note: St. Waudru, for which the abbey/church is named, was married to an earlier Count of Hainault. Together, they had four children. Around 643, Waudru’s husband chose to become a monk in the monastery of Hautrnont, which he had founded. In 656, Waudru established a convent and became a nun. The town of Mons grew up around that abbey. Consequently, it is very likely that Baldwin V was related directly to St. Waudru.)

#belgianhistory    #familyhistory     #genealogy

Categories: Cole-Marriner Line, Famous Faces and Places, On This Day, Royal Roots, Watts-Stark Line | Tags: , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Robert de Ros of Helmsley

On this day 790 years ago, Sir Robert de Ros (my two-times 24th great-grandfather) passed away.

Born in 1177, Robert was the son of Everard de Ros, Baron of Helmsley, and Rohese de Trusbut, daughter of William Trusbut of Wartre.

In early 1191, at the age of 14, Robert de Ros married Isabella mac William, widow of Robert III de Brus and the illegitimate daughter of William I “The Lion”, in Haddington, East Lothian, Scotland. Together, Robert de Ros and Isabella mac William were the parents to four known sons: William (my 23rd great-grandfather), Robert, Alexander, and Peter.

Also in 1191, Robert de Ros paid a 1,000 marks fine for livery of his lands to Richard I (my three-times great-uncle through my 25th great-grandmother Eleanor of England, my 24th great-grandfather John “Lackland” of England, and my 24th great-grandfather William “Longespée”.)

In 1197, while serving Richard I in Normandy, Robert de Ros was arrested for an unknown reason and was placed in the custody of Hugh de Chaumont. Chaumont, in turn, entrusted his prisoner to William de Spiney, who allowed Robert de Ros to escape from the castle in which he was imprisoned Consequently, Richard I hanged William de Spiney for “breach of faith” and collected a 1,200 marks fine from Robert de Ros, as the price for his continued freedom.

Two years later, Richard I died in France, and John “Lackland” (my 24th great-grandfather) was crowned King of England. With John as ruler, Robert de Ros garnered more royal favor. The new king grant Robert the barony of Walter Espec, the elder brother of his great-grandmother Adeline. Soon afterwards Robert de Ros escorted his father-in-law, William I “The Lion”, to England to swear fealty to King John “Lackland.”

Some years later, Robert de Ros became a monk, whereupon all his lands, Helmsley Castle, and Wark on Tweed Castle, were placed in the custody of Philip d’Ulcote. However, Robert de Ros soon returned to assume control of his properties. Then, approximately one year later, Robert de Ros became high sheriff of Cumberland.

When the English barons demanded a constitutional government, Robert de Ros first sided with John “Lackland.” Because of his loyalty, Robert de Ros was given several valuable grants from the Crown, including the governorship of Carlisle. However, in 1215, Robert de Ros was swayed to join the confederation of the barons. On 15 Jun 1215, King John signed and sealed the Magna Carta, a document constituting a fundamental guarantee of rights and privileges: protection of church rights, protection for the barons from illegal imprisonment, access to swift justice, and limitations on feudal payments to the Crown. Robert de Ros was one of the 25 sureties appointed to enforce the observance of Magna Carta, and the County of Northumberland was placed under Robert de Ros’ supervision.

In 1216, John “Lackland” died, and Henry III (my 23rd great-grandfather) ascended to the throne of England. Soon after, Robert de Ros swore allegiance to Henry III. Sometime between 1217 and 1218, Henry III restored some of Robert de Ros’ manors to him. Despite the fact that he witnessed the second Great Charter and the Forest Charter of 1224, Robert de Ros seems to have remained in royal favor.

Later in his life, Robert de Ros became a Knight Templar; like his grandfather Robert, was a very generous benefactor of the Templars. Because of his dedication, when Robert de Ros died on 11 December 1226, he was buried at the Temple Church, London. Today, despite the heavy damage the Temple Church sustained from the German bombing in World War II, Robert de Ros’ effigy remains intact.

#englishhistory    #familyhistory     #genealogy

Categories: Cole-Marriner Line, Famous Faces and Places, On This Day, Royal Roots, Watts-Stark Line | Tags: , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

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Tracing each branch back to their arrival in America

Scoundrels + Saints

Genealogy Gets Real: Stories of the Good, the Bad & Everyone Else

Dusty Roots & Forgotten Treasures

Researching, Preserving, and Sharing Genealogical Information For Future Generations

Tales of a Family

Finding my Way Home

Lives Our Ancestors Left Behind

What were their stories for us?

Lineage Hunter

Exploring Multiple Family Lines

About Those Ancestors

They can hide, but they can't run!

Generations of Nomads

On the Trail of Family Faces, Places, and Stories Around the World

Horses Dirt and Motherhood

This Life of Mine with 9

axehandles

how we go on...

GraveSeeker's Diary

“I am the now of the then. My body is the embodiment of all my ancestors who came before me. They live on in me.” ― Jarod Kintz.

Descended from Royalty

Life is lived forward, but understood backward

Filling in the Family Tree

Hopper, Hedrick, Cowan, Hinson, Gray, Hickman, Reece, Perkins and more

Rael & Fernandez Family History

Recording and sharing my journey learning about my ancestors

familytreegirldotcom

This WordPress.com site is the bee's knees

The Redeeming Thread

My crazy life adventures that always seem to have one redeeming thread.

Forgotten Ancestors

Tracing The Faces

My Ducks in a Row

using FamilySearch and Ancestry.com to organize your family history

Almost Home

Genealogy Research and Consulting

The Genealogist's Craft

My aim is to tell interesting stories of how genealogical information comes to be. Please pull up an armchair ...

Tracking Down The Family

Family History and Genealogy

The Handwritten Past

Thoughts on Family History and Genealogy

Shaking the Family Tree

Let the nuts fall where they may.

Quiet Echoes In Time

Thinking Today About Countless Yesterdays

PastToPresentGenealogy

Family History Research by Jane Roberts

Expressing my family history

and other random thoughts...

The Family Stump

The branches, leaves and stumps of our family tree

A Wise Heart's Journey

Finding ancestors one step at a time.

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